The Humble Skeptic
The Humble Skeptic
Questioning The Fourth Gospel

Questioning The Fourth Gospel

Episode 49 • Featuring Richard Bauckham

Many scholars over the centuries have questioned the historical value of John’s Gospel. Since it is assumed to be very late, it’s often argued that John’s narrative contains “theology, not history.” Richard Bauckham argues that the author of this text should be seen as a credible eyewitness of the events he reports, but that a careful look at both the internal and external evidence reveals that this Gospel was written by a lesser-known figure named John the Elder. Shane discusses this with Professor Bauckham and interacts with other scholars (including D.A. Carson, Craig Blomberg, Andreas Kostenberger, and Lydia McGrew) who take the traditional view of authorship.


Recommended Books
The Testimony of the Beloved Disciple, Richard Bauckham
Jesus & The Eyewitnesses, Richard Bauckham
Magdala of Galilee: A Jewish City, Richard Bauckham
The Identity of John the Evangelist, Dean Furlong

Recommended Articles
The Identity of the Beloved Disciple, Shane Rosenthal
Authenticating The Fourth Gospel, Shane Rosenthal
Water Into Wine?, Shane Rosenthal
Outside The Gospels, What Can We Know About Jesus?, S. Rosenthal
Scribes of the New Covenant, Shane Rosenthal
Why Should We Believe The Bible?, Shane Rosenthal
Jesus & The Eyewitnesses: A Review, Shane Rosenthal

Other Related Resources
The Gospels As Eyewitness Testimony, Humble Skeptic Ep. #48
The Jesus of History, Humble Skeptic Ep. #12
Fake or Authentic?, Humble Skeptic Ep. #10
Authenticating the Book of Acts, Humble Skeptic Ep. #24
Faith Founded on Facts (1), Humble Skeptic Ep. #15
Faith Founded on Facts (2), Humble Skeptic Ep. #16
This above episode makes a case for an earlier dating of John’s Gospel

Upcoming Events
• Greg Koukl, Shane Rosenthal & Jeremy Smith will be speaking on apologetics-related topics at The Fellowship of Wildwood in the St. Louis area on April 7, 2024. While in town, Greg Koukl will also be speaking at the Creating Confident Ambassadors conference at First Baptist Church—St. John on Saturday, April 6th in St. Louis.

• Shane will be discussing the question, “Is Faith Blind & Irrational?” at Third Presbyterian Church in Birmingham, Alabama on Sunday, April 28th at 11 am. For directions, visit the church website:

• Shane will be speaking at the ReThink315 College Camp which will take place on the campus of St. Louis University, July 16-19, 2024.

• On Wed. Sept. 18th, Shane will discuss the question, “Is Faith Blind & Irrational?” at an event in Cedar City, Utah (more details coming soon).

• For more information, or to invite Shane Rosenthal to speak at your next event, send an email to: INFO at HUMBLESKEPTIC dot COM. 

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The Humble Skeptic
The Humble Skeptic
Shane Rosenthal was raised in a Jewish home but became an atheist at a very early age. Some years later, however, he ended up losing faith in atheism and converted to Christianity. On this podcast, he talks with people from a wide variety of worldviews and perspectives in order to explore the beliefs and ideas that shape our lives.